In his response, Swaran Singh stated that the 1950 Nehru-Liaquat Pact was a permanent agreement between India and Pakistan. It obliges each country to ensure that its minorities enjoy full equality of citizenship with others and receive the same treatment as other nationals of their country. ix) The governments of India and Pakistan, as well as national and provincial governments, will generally make recommendations that will affect them if these recommendations are supported by the two central ministers. In the event of disagreement between the two central ministers, the matter is referred to the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan, who decide the matter themselves or define the Agency and the resolution procedure. The Nehru-Liaquat Pact, also known as the Delhi Pact, was a bilateral agreement signed between India and Pakistan to create a framework for the treatment of minorities in both countries. The pact has an immediate impact. The Calcutta riots have stopped. Historian Pallavi Raghavan notes that the net migration of Hindus to West Bengal has slowed. “The agreement resulted in temporary relief from the scale of migration across the border, but more importantly, its conditions confirmed and reconstructed a structure that allowed such a river to be approached and regulated in both countries,” writes Pallavi Raghavan. And while Shah insists that this EU government has broken with Nehru when it comes to ignoring Bangladeshi refugees, ironically, there could be more points of convergence than disagreements. The trials cited in the Citizenship Amendment Bill are so complicated that the intelligence office itself has found that only a few tens of thousands of them will benefit. And most of them will actually be Hindu migrants from Pakistan, not Bangladesh.
The agreement was signed in the context of large-scale migration of members of minority communities between the two countries following attacks by majority communities on their respective territories. But it would be a mistake to believe that Hindu nationalists were the only ones to criticize the Nehru Laiqat pact. While Mookerjee`s solutions were aberrant, West Bengal largely agreed with its diagnosis: the pact would play a limited role in helping Hindus in East Pakistan. Historian Joya Chatterjee criticized Nehru`s insistence that “the rehabilitation of East Bengal refugees has been unnecessarily discouraged and in fact positively discouraged.”
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